In a pioneering venture within the constraints of conventional regulations, the “Lliri Blau” Residential Complex emerges as a beacon of eco-urbanism. Aiming to create a sustainable living environment, this project redefines high-level ecological standards and promotes mass housing with a unique architectural touch. Spanning 12,446.93 square meters, this visionary complex showcases 129 homes designed for both affordability and ecological excellence, all at a cost of 6,236,350 euros.
Eco-Urbanism at its Finest
The primary objective of the project is to weave eco-consciousness into the urban fabric while adhering to conventional regulations. The complex emphasizes integrating ecological features with architectural finesse. A notable endeavor is the preservation of Valencia’s vanishing orchards by transforming rooftops into fertile cultivation spaces. Notably, the complex boasts more green space than its footprint through meticulously designed gardens on multiple levels.
Distinguishing the complex is the strategic arrangement and typology of the built blocks. These structures are positioned to maximize winter solar radiation for all units, achieving an innovative equilibrium between solar access and regulatory limitations. The allocation of common green spaces between the blocks has enabled the community to effectively “appropriate” public spaces, exemplified by private gardens and a covered pool.
The linear block typology fosters microclimates that encourage neighborly interactions. Units are grouped in pairs, each with three facades, maximizing both natural light and ventilation. The complex is a testament to functional design, optimizing space and fostering communal ties.
Sustainability at Every Turn
- Resource Optimization: The complex capitalizes on natural resources such as sunlight, air, and rainwater, augmenting sustainability. Water-saving devices and conscientious material selection further reduce waste and enhance efficiency.
- Energy Efficiency: Through bioclimatic design, the complex minimizes energy consumption. Homes are heated via greenhouse effect and nocturnal electric accumulators. Solar thermal panels generate hot water, while architectural geothermal systems provide natural cooling, rendering mechanical cooling obsolete.
- Renewable Energy: The complex employs solar thermal and geothermal systems, harnessing both sun and earth for energy needs.
- Waste Reduction and Emissions: By design, the complex generates minimal emissions and waste, except for organic matter.
- Human Well-being: Occupants enjoy spaces crafted from ecologically-friendly materials. Natural ventilation and daylight optimization foster a healthy and comfortable living environment.
- Affordability and Maintenance: Rational design eliminates superfluous elements, ensuring cost-effectiveness while maintaining ecological integrity.
Bioclimatic Design at the Core
The architectural ingenuity shines through bioclimatic solutions. Winter solar exposure and natural ventilation have been maximized, resulting in comfortable, energy-efficient homes. Cooling is achieved through innovative strategies like underground air circulation and passive cooling techniques. The complex’s architecture seamlessly integrates solar panels for hot water and offers gardens on various levels.
A Testament to Success
Lliri Blau demonstrates the feasibility of economically viable sustainable housing. Offering 17 distinct ecological housing types at roughly 500 euros per square meter, the homes have appreciated substantially within two years of completion. The efficiency-focused design slashes energy consumption, making electric heating the most cost-effective and environmentally-friendly option.
Lliri Blau is an exemplar of eco-urbanism, a fusion of nature and architecture. Through bioclimatic strategies, resource optimization, and renewable energy systems, it has transformed affordable housing into a haven of sustainability. As a model for future endeavors, Lliri Blau stands as a testament to the power of eco-conscious urban planning and architectural innovation.
Architect: Luis de Garrido
Project Name: Complejo Residencial “Lliri Blau”
Location: Massalfassar, Valencia
Total Area: 12,446.93 square meters
Total Cost: 6,236,350 euros