Jiangyin is on the Yangtze, the worldâ€™s busiest working river. The city is regenerating part of its industrial docklands as a high density live-work district. Stage one of this major project is the creation of a 4km public realm along the river edge. The design was selected through invited competition.
1. re-establish indigenous eco-system corridors;
2. preserve the industrial character;
3. maintain presence of the historic past;
4. introduce leisure infrastructure for the new era
5. link beyond the site for the emergence of a city park network.
1. Soft edges and eco corridors
The Yangtze at this location is tidal. This project rehabilitates, preserves, enhances and extends a raft of microhabitats. Complexity of the existing river edge is formally maintained, enhanced and secured with loose rock scaled for habitat. A new corridor of indigenous trees and plants weaves through the projectâ€™s length to connect the Ebizui mountain ecological node to the east with the canal eco corridor towards the west.
2. Post-industrial poetics
The vast worn concrete wharves are colored by the brown earth washed down the Yangtze. Overlooking the two-kilometer river from the prosaic empty docks presents an overwhelming scale and sense of the sublime. This design preserves even the most brutal of structures. Necessary new interventions on and around the wharves share the scale, robustness and clarity of this industrial context. Whilst the future district promises to be filled with vibrancy, and much of the landscape is rich in complexity, the wharf edges provide a rare escape.
3. Continuity with the Past
Palimpsest â€“ Ship Building Park
Whilst the majority of the site was open and flat for stockpiling raw materials, the eastern portion of the site was recently a functioning ship building facility. The design strategy maintained traces of the siteâ€™s history and overlaid a number of ecological, circulation and programmatic layers. The result is a complex palimpsest supporting inclusive and diverse open spaces and activities.
The history layer includes ship slipways; gantry cranes and rails; ship building factory structures; jetties; a Chinese garden; a tree lined road; and numerous other artefacts. Other layers across the site include: connections (pedestrian paths, bike paths, water boardwalk, extensions of views to and from the site, and paths from the new districts â€“ all maximizing links between the city and the water); active leisure (sports courts and skate park); play (childrenâ€™s adventure playground in the form of a ship, and elderly exercise area); social gathering (large plaza, visitor center, and large pavilions); relaxation (small pavilions, intimate seating, picnic tables, and ship interpretation installation); and ecological (rain gardens, water edge habitats, eco-corridor).
Three Historic Ports
Jiangyinâ€™s origins as a port city date back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). Research revealed the location of three historic ports. The site of Huang Tian Port, reputedly dating back nearly 2000 years, has been developed as the docklandâ€™s major open space for public events. Interpretive mapping of the Yangtze River is integrated in its paving. Historic Jiu Cai Port has been named and restored in its most recent iteration, as industrial port. A new restaurant designed as an urban hill provides a lookout point. Shiyu Port dates from the 1500s and was a renowned fish market. The new landscape here establishes a plaza, park, and fish restaurant. An integrated paving artwork provides further interpretation.
4. new era of leisure
After a hiatus of nearly fifty years China is prospering and its citizens are rediscovering all variety of leisure pursuits. This landscape introduces opportunities for the very young to the very old. It is the cityâ€™s largest playground. Linked by a 4km jogging track are dozens of outdoor sports courts and frequent gym equipment stations for public use. A more leisurely path weaves the length of the site and connects several large childrenâ€™s playgrounds, a skate park, and numerous groupings of exercise equipment for the elderly. Frequent throughout the landscape are dancing plazas, a popular local pursuit. A host of pavilions, tables for games, and lawns for picnics, tents and programs yet to come. The park ushers in a novel, exotic era of health and play.
5. Emerging park network
The bicycle path in this docklands park has initiated a 20km bicycle loop tracing existing and proposed lineal parks in the city. Linking the disparate parks with this loop, or greenway, brings about an accompanying ecological link. An extensive eco-system network is emerging. Pedestrian paths extend along the Yangtze either way. To the east a narrow boardwalk has been installed to enable people to pass around the steep mountain edge. The docklands park is also designed to smoothly connect to the urban district under construction. The circulation of the foreshore is coupled with the urban circulation. Plazas and city-river view corridors are located on street axis from where landscape paths radiate.
Project Status:Completed 2020
Location:Jiangyin City, Jiangsu Province, China
Client:JiangyinUrban Planning Bureau
Construction Area: 36.7 Ha (Ship Building Park 7.6Ha; Shiyu Port Park 6.9 Ha; Jiucai Port Park 7.2 Ha; Huangtian Port Park 15 Ha)
Construction Cost:RMB 369 million (Ship Building Park RMB 30 million; Shiyu Port Park RMB 59 million; Jiucai Port Park RMB 70 million; Huangtian Port Park RMB 210 million)
Typology:Public park, sports park, waterfront
Program:Sustainable urban drainage, city garden,wetland, parkland, heritagepreservation, plazas, emergency docks,skate park adventure playground,tennis courts, basketball courts, gate ball courts,table tennis courts, soccer fields,outdoor swimming pool, outdoor theater,bike paths,running track, pavilions, commercial and amenities buildingsand tourist information centers.
BAU Project Team:
Principal: James Brearley
Project Leader: Fang Huang
Landscape Architecture Team: Robin Armstrong, Wang Can,Xiong Juan, LiShuyun, LuYinghong, FangXujie, ChenYanling, WangChenlei, HuangJunbiao, Liu Xiaobo, Lisa Ann Gray, Alexander Abke, Wang Tiankui, Luo Li, Cheng Yedian
Project Manager: Jiang Han
Architecture Team: Steve Whitford, Joseph Tran, Zhang Xu, GaoWeiguo, Ni Wei, HouHuilin, TatjanaDjordjevic, Li Fuming,WangKeming, Li Dongdong, Yang Tai, Pu Lengfeng
Contractor: Jiangsu Natural Environment Construction Group Co., Ltd., Changshu Traditional Chinese Architecture & Landscaping Construction Co.,Ltd., Suzhou Wu Lin Landscape Development Co., Ltd.
Engineer:JiangyinUrban and Rural Planning Design Institute
Landscape Construction Documentation:JiangyinUrban and Rural Planning Design Institute
Photographs: Zeng Jianghe, Xiazhi